• 研究论文 •

### 基于巯基化衍生的气相色谱-质谱法测定有机相及水相中氯化氰

1. 1.国民核生化灾害防护国家重点实验室, 北京 102205
2.防化研究院分析化学实验室, 北京 102205
• 收稿日期:2020-12-14 出版日期:2021-08-08 发布日期:2021-06-29
• 通讯作者: 袁铃,杨旸
• 作者简介:Tel:(010)69760259,E-mail: 1789802010@qq.com(袁铃).
*Tel:(010)69760259,E-mail: ricdyihui@163.com(杨旸);
• 基金资助:
国民核生化灾害防护国家重点实验室科研基金项目(SKLNBC2020-16)

### Determination of cyanogen chloride in organic and water matrices by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry based on thiol derivatization

LI Xiaosen1,2, WU Jina2, XIA Junmei2, YUAN Ling1,2,*(), YANG Yang1,2,*()

1. 1. State Key Laboratory of NBC Protection for Civilian, Beijing 102205, China
2. Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Research Institute of Chemical Defence, Beijing 102205, China
• Received:2020-12-14 Online:2021-08-08 Published:2021-06-29
• Contact: YUAN Ling,YANG Yang
• Supported by:
State Key Laboratory of NBC Protection for Civilian(SKLNBC2020-16)

Abstract:

Cyanogen chloride (ClCN) has been widely used in industrial production. ClCN is also listed in the Schedule of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). The use of traditional colorimetric analysis or gas chromatography for the detection of ClCN has been characterized by low efficiency and poor sensitivity. In this study, a method was established for the qualitative analysis and quantitative detection of ClCN in organic and water matrices by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) based on thiol derivatization. 1-Butylthiol was selected as the optimal derivatization reagent. The optimal temperature for thiol derivatization in the organic matrices was 40 ℃ and the reaction time was 10 min. The pH for derivatization was approximately 9. The ClCN in the organic matrices was directly analyzed by GC-MS after derivatization. The conditions of ClCN derivatization in the water matrices were the same as those in the organic matrices. After the derivatization of ClCN, headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was employed during sample preparation for water matrices. Different temperatures for HS-SPME were explored, and the optimal temperature was found to be 55 ℃. The product of thiol derivatization was confirmed as butyl thiocyanate. The main fragmentation patterns and mass spectrometric cleavage pathway were investigated by GC-MS/MS. The quantitative determination of ClCN in organic and water matrices was conducted via the internal standard and external standard methods, respectively. ClCN showed good linearity in the corresponding ranges in the organic and water matrices. The correlation coefficients for both matrices were greater than 0.99. The linearities of ClCN in the organic and water matrices were in the range of 20-2000 μg/L and 20-1200 μg/L, respectively. An organic sample and water samples from different substrates were selected to verify the accuracy and precision of the method at three spiked levels. The average spiked recoveries of ClCN in the organic sample and water samples were 87.3%-98.8% and 97.6%-102.2%, respectively. The corresponding relative standard deviations (RSDs, n=6) were 2.1%-4.7% and 2.8%-4.2%. The derivatization method established in this study showed good reaction specificity. The method was successfully applied in the analysis of samples obtained from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). The method established in this study for the detection of ClCN showed high sensitivity and precision, and could aid in the analysis and detection of ClCN in the environment.