• 研究论文 •

聚多巴胺纳米纤维膜固相萃取-超高效液相色谱-串联质谱检测淡水鱼中四环素类和氟喹诺酮类药物残留

1. 1.东南大学公共卫生学院营养与食品卫生学系, 江苏 南京 210009
2.苏州市疾病预防控制中心, 江苏 苏州 215100
3.东南大学环境与医学工程教育部重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210009
• 收稿日期:2020-12-24 出版日期:2021-06-08 发布日期:2021-04-13
• 通讯作者: 许茜,王春民
• 作者简介:E-mail: chunminwang@163.com(王春民).
* E-mail: q_xu68@163.com(许茜);
• 基金资助:
国家自然科学基金(81973098)

Determination of tetracycline and fluoroquinolone residues in fish by polydopamine nanofiber mat based solid phase extraction combined with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

LIANG Sihui1, DAI Hairong1, ZHANG Huayin1, LI Jian2, ZHANG Qiuping2, XU Qian1,3,*(), WANG Chunmin2,*()

1. 1. Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
2. Suzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Suzhou 215100, China
3. Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education of Environment and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
• Received:2020-12-24 Online:2021-06-08 Published:2021-04-13
• Contact: XU Qian,WANG Chunmin
• Supported by:
National Nature Science Foundation of China(81973098)

Abstract:

Tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones are common antibacterial drugs used in aquaculture, and their residues may pose a risk to human health. The low concentration of drug residues and complex matrixes such as fats and proteins in aquatic products necessitate the urgent development of efficient sample pretreatment methods. Solid phase extraction (SPE) is the most common sample pretreatment method, in which the core is an adsorbent. Compared with traditional SPE adsorbents, nanofiber mat (NFsM) has more interaction sites because of their large specific surface area. Furthermore, NFsMs modified with specific functional groups can significantly improve the extraction efficiency of tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones. Polydopamine (PDA) is spontaneously synthesized by the oxidative self-polymerization of dopamine-hydrochloride in alkaline solutions (pH>7.5). Because of its rich amino and catechol groups, PDA can form π-π stacking, electrostatic attraction, hydrophobic interaction, and hydrogen bonding interactions with target molecules. By exploiting the above advantages, polystyrene (PS) NFsM, as a template, was prepared by the electrostatic spinning method, and PDA-PS NFsM was obtained by functional modification of PDA through self-polymerization. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) were used to characterize the synthesized PS NFsM and PDA-PS NFsM. It was proved that PDA was successfully modified on the PS NFsM, with the SEM images revealing a rough outer core shell structure and an inner honeycomb structure. Subsequently, the handmade SPE column with PDA-PS NFsM was completed. A novel and efficient screening analytical method based on PDA-PS NFsM for the simultaneous determination of three tetracyclines (tetracycline (TET), chlortetracycline (CTC), and oxytetracycline (OTC)) and three fluoroquinolones (enrofloxacin (ENR), ciprofloxacin (CIP), and norfloxacin (NOR)) in fish by ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was established. The SPE procedure was optimized to develop an efficient method for sample preparation. Evaluate parameters including the amount of NFsM usage, ionic strength, flow rate of the sample solution, composition of eluent, and breakthrough volume were investigated. Only (20±0.1) mg of PDA-PS NFsM was sufficient to completely adsorb the targets, and the analytes retained on NFsM could be eluted by 1 mL of formic acid-ethyl acetate (containing 20% methanol) (1∶99, v/v). The residues were redissolved in 0.1 mL 10% methanol aqueous solution containing 0.2% formic acid. In addition, no adjustment of the pH and ionic strength of the sample solutions was required, and the breakthrough volume was 50 mL. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantification (LOQs) of the six target compounds were measured at 3 times and 10 times the signal-to-noise ratio (S/N), respectively. The LODs and LOQs were 0.3-1.5 μg/kg and 1.0-5.0 μg/kg, respectively. The linear ranges of the six target compounds were LOQ-1000 μg/kg, and the coefficient of determination (R2) was greater than 0.999. To evaluate the accuracy and precision, blank spiked samples at three levels (low, medium, and high) were prepared for the recovery experiments, and each level with six parallel samples (n=6). The recoveries ranged from 94.37% to 102.82%, with intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations of 2.38% to 8.06% and 4.10% to 9.10%, respectively. To evaluate the purification capacity of PDA-PS NFsM, the matrix effects before and after SPE were calculated and compared. Matrix effects before SPE were -12.98% to -38.68%. After the completion of SPEbased on PDA-PS NFsM, the matrix effect of each target analyte was significantly reduced to -2.15% to -7.36%, which proved the significant matrix removal capacity of PDA-PS NFsM. Finally, the practicality of this method was evaluated by using it to analyze real samples. This SPE method based on PDA-PS NFsM is efficient, practical, and environmentally friendly, and it has great potential for use in the routine monitoring of drug residues in fish.