Chinese Journal of Chromatography ›› 2022, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 1136-1142.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2022.02010

• Technical Notes • Previous Articles    

Rapid determination of 10 fat-soluble vitamins in health foods by ultra performance convergence chromatography

LI Jiachen1, CAO Ling2,*(), FANG Fang2,*(), SHI Haiwei2, HUANG Qing2, TAN Li2, DUAN Qiaolian1, FENG Youlong2   

  1. 1. College of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Jiangsu Institute for Food and Drug Control, Nanjing 210019, China
  • Received:2022-02-21 Online:2022-12-08 Published:2022-11-29
  • Contact: CAO Ling, FANG Fang
  • Supported by:
    Top Talent Funding Project of “Six One Projects” for High-level Health Talents in Jiangsu Province(LGY2018101)


Fat-soluble vitamins are important efficacy indicators in health foods because they are essential for human physiological functions. The existing method for the simultaneous determination of fat-soluble vitamins has various problems, such as limited determination components, complex sample, pretreatment process, and high requirements for personnel operating ability. Therefore, establishing a fast, simple, and accurate method that can detect various common fat-soluble vitamins at the same time is necessary. In this study, a method for the simultaneous determination of 10 commonly used fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A acetate (VA acetate), vitamin A palmitate (VA palmitate), vitamin E acetate (VE acetate), vitamin K1 (VK1), α-tocopherol, β-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, vitamin D2(VD2) and vitamin D3 (VD3) in health foods was established by ultra performance convergence chromatography (UPC2). First, the contents of about 1.0 g of capsule samples were accurately weighed. A grinder was used to grind tablet samples into powder. The powder mixture was then precisely weighed at 2.0 g. Both substances were placed in 50 mL brown stopper tubes. The test tube was then filled with 20 mL 75% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) aqueous solution for demulsification. The tubes were then sonicated before being extracted with n-hexane. The centrifuged supernatant was added to vials for detection. Viridis HSS C18 SB column (100 mm×3.0 mm, 1.8 μm) was applied and CO2 was used as the mobile phase A. After comparing the influence of acetonitrile, methanol, and their mixture on chromatographic peak separation, acetonitrile-methanol (85∶15, v/v) was used as the mobile phase B. The injection volume was 1 μL. Using simulator software, the optimal chromatographic conditions were obtained after a set of three-factor orthogonal experiments of flow rate, gradient slope, and column temperature. The flow rate and column temperature were both set at 1.9 mL/min and 30 ℃. Furthermore, the maximum absorption wavelength of these 10 fat-soluble vitamins was selected for detection. Ten vitamins were baseline separated after 7 min of gradient elution. The limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs) of capsule samples were 0.4-60 μg/g and 2-150 μg/g, respectively, whereas the results for tablet samples were 0.2-30 μg/g and 0.8-75 μg/g. The linear ranges of the 10 fat-soluble vitamins were 0.1-100 μg/mL. The recoveries of spiked samples ranged from 96.5% to 113.9%, with RSD values less than 4%. Precision, stability, and repeatability RSD values were all less than 2%. By comparison, the determination results of this method were basically consistent with the existing national food safety standards. This method is simple, rapid, sensitive, and accurate, and it can meet the detection requirements of the 10 fat-soluble vitamins in health foods. Simultaneously, this method lays the foundation for the rapid and simultaneous detection of fat-soluble vitamins in existing health foods.

Key words: ultra performance convergence chromatography (UPC2), fat-soluble vitamins, health foods

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